Welcome to Eka's Guest House - Your accommodation in Mestia during your holidays in Georgia!
NATURE of SVANETI Svaneti has a very uneven terrain. Glaciers, mountain ranges and plateaus configure exotic landscapes covered with variety of vegetation and herbs. The Range of Greater Caucasus protects Georgia from the influence of cold North climate, and the Black Sea provides favourable humidity for a variety of plants. In terms of its geo-botanic diversity, Georgia is one of the most distinguished places in the world. We can easily observe vertical zones of plant distribution in Svaneti. The alpine zone starts from 2450 - 2500 meters and continues up to 3100-3200 meters above sea level; the upper boundary of forests is set at 2400 - 2500 meters. Coniferous woods are spread from 800 - 900 meters. In the lower forest zone there are relic mixed deciduous forests with Georgian oaks, Eastern beeches, Caucasian hornbeams, lime-trees, ash-trees, elms, maples, birches etc. In the sub zone of mixed forests, we meet monodominant (beech, oak and hornbeam) and bidominant (beech-hornbeam, oak-hornbeam etc.) groves. In higher zones, dominate dark coniferous forests: fir-groves, silver-firs, pine groves and mixed forests: beech-fir, beech-silver-fir, etc. In sub forests, there are plenty of cornels, hazelnuts, different kinds of berries, greengage, wild apple and pear trees and other plants - widely used in folk medicine. Judging by the relic bio-environment still growing in Georgia, we can assume that antique Colchis was rich of diverse flora. Different kinds of herbs grew in the garden of the mythical Medea and their extracts were used for preparation of different medical substances and sometimes even magic drugs and poisons. Apparently, Medea's sorcery made Jason strong and powerful, hypnotized the dragon, which guarded the Golden Fleece, and helped the Argonauts to take it away from Colchis. Medea managed to transform an old sheep into a lamb; poisoned Creont and his daughter Creuza and committed many other deeds, which are indicative of the magic power of her potions. Many scientists think that the word Medicine originates from Medea's name. She is considered the progenitrix of pharmacology and cosmetics. A German botanist and physician Kurt Joachim Sprengel (1766-1833) in his book "Pragmatic History of Medicine" specially studied this issue and identified 36 medical herbs from Medea's garden used in different substances by the Colch princess. Today the Georgian scientists have identified and studied about three hundred different medicinal herbs. Medical traditions of ancient Colch's are still widely used and developed in Georgia. Such mixtures as Patchkoria, Dolidze, Burdiladze; balsams - Kolkhuri, Turmanidze, Karchauli, Gochitashvili, remedies for traums - Askurava, Khabazi, Loladze and etc. are highly appreciated by official medicine Incredibly rich bio-diversity of Svaneti, multitude of medical herbs, clean environment and different natural mineral water springs created the base of the Svan folk medicine.